Emma Rothschild is a professor of history at Harvard University. She was born in London in 1948, graduated from Oxford University in 1967, and was a Kennedy Scholar in Economics at MIT. From 1978 to 1988, she was an associate professor at MIT in the Department of Humanities and the Program on Science, Technology and Society. She has also taught at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
She has been a member of the United Kingdom government’s Council for Science and Technology and the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. From 1999 to 2005 she was chairwoman of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. She has written extensively on economic history and the history of economic thought. She is married to Amartya Sen, 1998 Nobel Laureate in Economics.